Metal Fabrication Safety
Metal fabrication is a process that involves shaping and cutting metal into different forms and structures. This process can be hazardous if proper safety precautions are not taken. In this article, we will discuss the essential safety measures that should be taken when working with metal.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Personal protective equipment is essential when working with metal. It protects workers from various hazards such as burns, cuts, and eye injuries. The following PPE should be worn:
- Safety glasses or goggles
- Face shield
- Hearing protection
- Protective clothing such as leather aprons or jackets
- Steel-toed boots
The tools used in metal fabrication can be dangerous if not used properly. The following tool safety measures should be observed:
- Make sure all tools are in good working condition and free of defects.
- Never use tools for a purpose they were not designed for.
- Always wear gloves when handling sharp tools such as shears, punches, and chisels.
- Ensure that all guards are in place before operating power tools.
- Use clamps or a vice to secure the workpiece and keep your hands and fingers away from the blade or cutting edge.
- Keep the work area clean and free of debris to prevent slips and falls.
Metal fabrication involves high temperatures, sparks, and flames that can start fires. Fire safety measures that should be taken include:
- Ensure the work area is well ventilated.
- Use a fire-resistant welding blanket or tarp to prevent sparks from flying and starting a fire.
- Never weld near flammable materials such as oil or gasoline.
- Have a fire extinguisher readily available in case of a fire.
- Always have a fire watch to ensure that any smoldering materials are extinguished before leaving the work area.
Electricity is used to power many metal fabrication tools and can pose a significant hazard if not handled correctly. Electrical safety measures that should be taken include:
- Use tools that have a ground plug or double-insulated cord.
- Never use damaged or frayed cords or tools.
- Never touch electrical equipment with wet hands or while standing in water.
- Make sure all electrical connections are secure and not loose.
- Never attempt to repair electrical equipment unless you are a qualified electrician.
Metal fabrication can be a hazardous process, but by following the essential safety measures discussed above, workers can minimize the risks and stay safe. Always be aware of your surroundings, use proper PPE, and follow safe work practices to prevent injuries and accidents.