Flux-Cored Arc Welding (FCAW)

Flux-cored arc welding (FCAW) is a welding process that uses a continuously fed electrode wire containing flux at its core. This type of welding is similar to gas metal arc welding (GMAW), but the flux-cored wire eliminates the need for an external shielding gas. FCAW is widely used in various industries due to its versatility and ability to weld a wide range of materials and thicknesses.

Working Principle

In FCAW, the welding arc is created between the continuously fed electrode wire and the workpiece. As the wire passes through the welding gun, the electrical current melts both the wire and the base metal, forming a weld pool. The flux contained in the wire's core produces a protective gas shield that shields the molten metal from atmospheric contamination.

Types of Flux-Cored Wire

FCAW utilizes different types of flux-cored wires, each designed for specific applications and requirements:

Advantages of FCAW

FCAW offers several advantages that make it a popular welding process:


FCAW is widely used in industries such as construction, shipbuilding, pipeline fabrication, structural steel fabrication, and repair and maintenance. It is suitable for a range of applications, including welding thick plates, joining various metals, and working on dirty or rusty surfaces.

Overall, flux-cored arc welding (FCAW) offers a versatile and efficient welding process with numerous advantages. Its ability to handle different materials and thicknesses, high welding speeds, and suitability for outdoor use make it a popular choice in various industries.